How do you teach sight singing to a student who has no formal training in sight singing?

Many teachers believe that good sight singers sing by interval.
If intervallic reading is the goal then the method is the issue. What steps must the singer follow to succeed? How do we train a student to be an intervallic sight singer? Imagine that the untrained student is at point "1" and the skilled intervallic reader is at point "10". How do we get the student from point "1" to point "10"?

Consider the following questions?

  1. What knowledge does a student need to correctly identify intervals?
  2. What skills does a singer need to correctly sing the interval?

Here is one attempt at the steps

Note - you can work on many of these at the same time.

The only rule is - the student must succeed at each step. This means they cannot skip any necessary steps.

Ear training
  1. Solfege
  2. Give it a try
  3. Hum the resting tone (tonic)
  4. Why do we have to do hand signs?
  5. Why learn solfege?
  6. Answer?
  7. Hand signs
  8. ASL 1-10
  9. ASL a-g
  10. Lots of “interval” solfa games using ASL 1-10
  11. Solfa interval patterns with hand signs
  12. Always use hand signs with solfa
  13. Lots of simple solfa games
  14. Where is ‘do’? (could align with key signatures?)
  15. Major scale material
  16. Simple songs
  17. You could start singing some melodies using ASL a-g
  18. Minor (la?)
  19. Natural minor
  20. Harmonic minor
  21. Melodic minor
  1. Note durations
  2. Rhythm dictation
  3. Time signatures/meter
  4. Simple meter
  5. Beat vs meter
  6. Conducting pattern
  7. Write the counting
  8. Measuers
  9. Bar lines
  10. Composing rhythms
  11. Compound meter
  1. Dynamics
  2. Phrasing
  3. Articulation
  4. Using musical terminology
  5. Adjudication (with terminology)
  6. Conductor interpretation
  7. Meaning
Choral Tradition/Goals
  1. Use your music
  2. Respect
  3. Take care of your music
  4. How to hold your music
  5. Pencil
  6. Find your part
  7. Identify parts of a score
  8. Musical roadmap
  9. Watching the director
Musical notation
  1. Staff
  2. Bass clef
  3. Treble clef
  4. Note names
  5. Lots of ASL name “your” note games
  6. Learn one octave of piano keyboard
  7. Flats, sharps, naturals
  8. Scale construction
  9. Key signatures
  10. Accidentals
  11. Intervals
  12. Interval recognition
  13. Chord quality
  14. Analyzing chords
Read scaler melodies
  1. Read skips
  2. Scale degrees (?)
  3. Composing melodies
  4. Melodic dictation
Vocal technique
  1. Breathing
  2. Relaxation
  3. Vowel uniformity
  4. Tone
  5. Intonation
  6. Vowel modification
  7. Diphthongs
  8. Characteristic tone